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Lesson Terminology and Graphs

 
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3

 

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Lesson 1

 

Review Graphs Used in Lesson 1 Video

 

Print Terminology Lesson 1

Vocabulary Words:

Proponent- n.

One who argues in support of something; an advocate.

Amplify-v.

1. to make larger, greater, or stronger; enlarge; extend. 2. to expand in stating or describing, as by details or illustrations; clarify by expanding

Reputed-adj.

Reported or supposed to be such

Precede-v.

To go before, as in place, order, rank, importance, or time.

Effusing-v.

To pour out or forth; shed; disseminate

Amplify-v.

To make larger, greater, or stronger; enlarge; extend.

Variable-adj.

apt or liable to vary or change; changeable: variable weather; variable moods.

Audit-n.

1. An examination of records or financial accounts to check their accuracy. 2.  An adjustment or correction of accounts. 3. An examined and verified account.

Emissions-n.

A substance discharged into the air, especially by an internal combustion engine.

Precipitation-n.

The amount of rain, snow, hail, etc., that has fallen at a given place within a given period, usually expressed in inches or centimeters of water.

 
El Nino:   A change in the Pacific Oceanís surface temperature by a few degrees Celsius. These changes cause atmospheric conditions often resulting in rain, thunderstorms or drought around the world.
 

 

 

CO2-Carbon Dioxide:  Large amounts of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere from decaying vegetation, oceans, volcanoes, hot springs, and geysers.  A smaller amount is released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas) and vegetable matter. Less than 2 percent of all CO2 is in the atmosphere and over 93 percent is in the oceans. CO2 is used by plants for photosynthesis.  It is required for plant growth and development.  Increased CO2 levels have been shown to increase crop production and make farming in poor conditions, such as desert areas and areas with poor soils.
 
Paleoclimatic Data: Measurements resulting from the study of climate before instrumental weather records through ocean and lake sediments, cave deposits, tree rings, and ice core analysis.
 
IPCC- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change:  A political panel within the United Nations designed to address global warming and  create world policies to reduce human impact on global warming. 
 
 

RECENT VIDEO:

 
The Hockey Stick and Heat Island Science Fraud: The Hockey Stick fraud is even worse than originally thought as two totally different data sources were used to create the hockey stick curve and the Heat Island Effect is not excluded in the global temperature data, which artificially increases warming in the latter twentieth century.
 
Massive Data Fraud in NOAA and NASA: Segment 4 of Global Warming, The Other Side. The data used by NOAA and NASA is shown to have excluded temperature data from northern latitudes and high elevations since 1980 which automatically shows greatly increased temperatures that supposedly shows great man-caused global warming. Also discusses Britain's Climate Research Unit's (CRU) massive data manipulation called Climategate.
 
The Amazing Story of Al Gore, Global Governance, & The United Nations' IPCC. Segment 2 of Global Warming, The Other Side. The story of Roger Revelle and Al Gore and Maurice Strong and the UN IPCC. Gore's mentor. Revelle did early research on carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas. He then had Gore as a student (Gore got a D for the class) where Gore heard of the idea of global warming for this first time. Late scientist and teacher Revelle eventually realized that CO2 is not a significant greenhouse gas, but Gore dismissed Revelle as senile and refused Revelle's later revelations. The UN's Maurice Strong fell into the trap of the same bad science and now the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change holds on to its global warming claims despite the failure of its computer models to verify.
 

Lesson 2

 

Review Graphs Used in Lesson 2 Video

 

 Print Terminology Lesson 2

Vocabulary Words:

Prejudice

1. An adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts. 2. A preconceived preference or idea. 3. a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation [syn: bias] Predetermined-to settle or decide in advance

Predicted

To state, tell about, or make known in advance, especially on the basis of special knowledge.

Bias

1. a particular tendency or inclination, esp. one that prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question; prejudice. 2. An unfair act or policy stemming from prejudice.

Modulate

fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of; "regulate the temperature"; "modulate the pitch"

Escalate

To increase, enlarge, or intensify

Catastrophic

1. a sudden and widespread disaster 2. a sudden, violent disturbance, esp. of a part of the surface of the earth; cataclysm.

Consensus

An opinion or position reached by a group as a whole

Anthropogenic

caused or produced by humans

 

Temperature Gradient:   In atmospheric sciences (meteorology, climatology and related fields), the temperature   gradient (typically of air, more generally of any fluid) is the rate of change of temperature from one point to another. In climate science, the greater the temperature gradient (the greater the difference in temperatures), the stronger or more violent the storm.

 

 

 

The laws of physics demand that the fastest warming caused by greenhouse gases occur from about 30oN to 30oS, and between about 6 km and 14 km (3.7 to 8.7 miles) in altitude as shown between the dashed vertical and horizontal lines in this graph. The two graphs below indicate how high this is and where the 30oN parallel crosses the United States. So the fastest warming will occur south of the United States from 3.7 to 8.7 miles in altitude. Warming also increases faster at the earth's surface above 45o north or lower than 45o south. (Click on the graph to enlarge it). The problem is that this is not the type of warming that earth is actually experiencing. Hence, it is highly unlikely that CO2 is the driving force of global warming. (See video)

 

 

Middle Troposphere:  The troposphere is the lowest portion of the earthís atmosphere.  It is about 14 Km (9.3 mi) in depth. The middle troposphere is between 7 to 12 Km (5 to 8 mi) in altitude.   (Click on the graph to enlarge it).

 
 
The troposphere is the layer of atmosphere closest to the earth and about 14 (9.3 mi) thick.
 

 

 

30o North Latitude: The northern extent of the greenhouse gas-caused warming in the northern hemisphere is about 30oN. This parallel goes more or less along the US/Mexico boarder along the gulf coastline, cutting through New Orleans and through northern Florida. (Click on the graph to enlarge it).

 

 

The Tropical Zone: An area between Tropic of Cancer (23.5 N. latitude) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5 S. latitude) on the equatorial region of the earth. This is a little smaller than the northern and southern extend of the mid-tropospheric warming expected from greenhouse gases.

 

El Nino:  A change in the Eastern Pacific Oceanís surface temperature by a few degrees Celsius. These changes cause atmospheric conditions often resulting in rain, thunderstorms or drought around the world.

 

Global Warming:  Global warming is a term that has been used to describe a period in recent history when the earthís surface temperature warmed. There have been three periods of global warming since 1850; from 1860 to 1880, 1915 to 1945, 1975 to 1998 (see graph). The most recent warming was originally thought to be caused by the emissions by man of carbon dioxide, commonly called by its scientific name CO2. Each period of warming was separated by a period of global cooling. The warming/cooling cycles, and their associated change in precipitation patterns are called climate change. Climate change has been occurring for the past 11,000 years since the last ice age.

 

Greenhouse Gases:  Greenhouse gases are those gases that allow most solar radiation (mainly visible light) to penetrate to the earthís surface, but absorb thermal infrared radiation emitted by the earthís surface. As solar energy reaches the earthís surface some of it is reflected back out into space, some is absorbed by the atmosphere, and the rest is absorbed by the earth and warms it. The warm earth then emits infrared radiation which we cannot see. Most of this infrared radiation is absorbed by the various greenhouse gases, much of which is emitted back down to the surface of the earth where it starts the cycle again. This cycle is called the greenhouse effect because it acts somewhat like a greenhouse in that it allows the sunlight to penetrate the greenhouse, but as the greenhouse warms, the glass ceiling and walls prevent most of the heat from escaping.

 

NGO- Non-governmental Organization:  A nonprofit group or association like the Sierra Club or Nature Conservancy organized outside of institutionalized political structures to realize particular social objectives (such as conserving nature) or serve particular constituencies (such as local communities).

 
RECENT VIDEOS:
 
The UN IPCC Fraud: The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is supposed to be the last word on unbiased science concerning global warming. In fact, the IPCC stifles any science that contradicts its man-caused mantra. It must not be used to justify cap and trade legislation.
 
Why Climate Models Are Wrong: Climate models make fundamentally wrong assumptions that makes it appear earth will suffer runaway warming. These models are inevitably wrong every time. Dr. Roy Spencer explains in easy to understand language current climate models are wrong because they assume positive feedbacks that are not real in nature, rather than negative feedbacks which have been proven to be real. Dr. Spencer describes a much simpler model that explains climate variation in the 20th century.
 

Lesson 3

 

Review Graphs Used in Lesson 1 Video

 

 Print Terminology Lesson 3

Vocabulary Words:

Pessimistic

1. A tendency to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view 2. The doctrine or belief that this is the worst of all possible worlds and that all things ultimately tend toward evil.

Accumulated

1. to gather into a heap, mass, cover, etc.; form a steadily increasing quantity 2. to mount up; increase

Decline

To cause to decrease or diminish; go down

Indicate

to be a sign of; betoken; evidence; show                                                  

Correlation

mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.

Detrimental

causing detriment; damaging; harmful.

Analysis

this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations

Verification

evidence that establishes or confirms the accuracy or truth of something

Theory

In science, an explanation or model that covers a substantial group of occurrences in nature and has been confirmed by a substantial number of experiments and observations. A theory is more general and better verified than a hypothesis.

Corrupted

containing errors or alterations

Connotation

an idea that is implied or suggested 

 

Sunís Magnetic Fields

This image reveals the structure of the solar magnetic field rising vertically from a sunspot              

This solar corona reveals heated magnetic loops

See video

The Sun's Magnetic Fields:  Just like the earth, the sun has magnetic fields.  While the earth has one magnetic north, and one magnetic south pole, the sun has many.  These magnetic fields on the sun can be twice as strong as the magnetic fields on the earth and extend far out into space.  Gas rising from the sunís corona interacts with the magnetic field which releases energy and may power solar storms which can affect the earth. 

 

Cosmic Radiation/Cosmic Rays:  particle energies that bombard the earth from outside its atmosphere are considered cosmic Rays they are made up of mostly protons     (90%), helium (9%), and electrons (1%).  Solar cosmic rays come from the sun and have similar energies as the sun itself.

 
Supernova:  A stellar explosion that causes a burst of radiation that can be seen for several weeks or months.  It occurs at the end of a starís life when the  nuclear fuel is exhausted and the star collapses in on itself.  Often the amount of radiation put off by a super nova is more than the sun will give off in itís lifetime. One of the most widely observed supernova produced the Crab Nebula.
 
Solar Flares:  Intense short bursts of energy lasting minutes to hours.  The primary source of solar Flares appears to be caused by tearing and reconnection of the sunís magnetic field.
 
Solar winds:   Streams of charged particles escape the sunís gravity.  It can cause geomagnetic storms, aurora borealis, and plasma tails on comets.  These storms have the ability to knock out power grids on earth. 
 
Recent Videos:
 
The Carbon Footprint: The carbon footprint is a political construct designed to create fear that man was causing global warming. Carbon dioxide is not, cannot be a pollutant. It is a miracle gas that is essential for life on earth. It was ten times more abundant in geologic history. All plants on earth are CO2 starved. So increased levels of carbon dioxide has been a blessing to ecosystems and food production. Scientists have found that the increased CO2 in the atmosphere has already increased global food production 12 percent. It is a free fertilizer.
 
Your Carbon Footprint is Not Creating a Climate Crisis: Segment 1of Global Warming, The Other Side. Refutes the bad science behind the global warming frenzy. We explain the hypothesis of your carbon footprint, the result of the CO2 that enters the atmosphere as a result of burning of fossil fuels to support your lifestyle. We show how that theory has failed to verify and has proven to be wrong.
 
Debunking the Global Warming Frenzy & Dire Predictions. Segment 1of Global Warming, The Other Side. The global warming frenzy is full of dire predictions of melting ice, dying polar bears, flooding coastlines, heat waves, superstorms and epidemics. This segment debunks them all.
 
 
 

 

 

             Review the graphs and charts used in the DVD. (Click on graph)

 

 
 
Advanced Reading
 

 

Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate

Fred Singer Ph.D., Editor

 

A Climate of Belief by Patrick Frank,.Ph.D.

A Summary for Policy Makers written by 23 top international climate scientists that summarizes all of the science on climate change for the past five years. It parallels the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changeís 2007 Summary for Policy Makers, but includes peer reviewed science the IPCC left out.  

http://www.sepp.org/publications/NIPCC-Feb%2020.pdf

 

 

 

 

 An article summarizing recent research findings by seven        leading scientists climate scientists in the United States.

http://www.skeptic.com/the_magazine/featured_articles/v14n01

resources/climate_of_belief.pdf